If your car starts performing too strange for no reason. All Engine’s functions and operations are being limited, you can’t find what’s the reason behind this. The reason is Limp mode activation. Limp Mode or limp home mode is activated for your car by the Engine control module or transmission control module.
In this condition, Suddenly check engine light is flashed on the dashboard. The car became a slow-running machine. You become confused about that but never get into frustration because of ECU or TCU monitoring all Engine’s functions by controlling them at a certain limit.
What is Limp Mode and what are the causes for limp mode?
It is the security feature, you have to aware about. When ECU or TCU captures the dangerous fault which would further become harmful for engine or transmission, ECU immediately lowers down the maximum intakes of the engine and shuts down the unnecessary accessory working.
In this aspect, speed of the car is reduced. Fuel air mixture is regulated to the minimum. Unimportant accessory means Air conditioning is being cut off. If fault is present in the transmission system then gear selection is minimized to reduce an uneven attempts of speeding up the car. The limp mode should be diagnosed immediately otherwise the car may get dangerous harm in the future.
It is just safety mode activation you can’t get afraid about it. You just need to go to the nearest service station to diagnose the fault. After diagnosing the fault and removing it, Limp mode is deactivated. The following are the different causes of Limp Home mode.
Causes of Limp Mode
1 – Overheating
Sometimes, Overheating may be the reason for limp mode. ECU delivers a lower fuel-air amount or cuts the fuel of the cylinders to pass only air to cool down the engine.
2 – Faulty Sensor ( or electric problem )
The sensor signal doesn’t get into consideration, or a faulty sensor may be the reason for limp mode. All the aspects regarding Engine’s functionality are very important, so ECU needs to deal with them. Any electrical and electronic malfunction is captured in ECU then such limp mode is activated.
3 – Vacuum or Boost Leak
Combustion chamber, if completely overwhelmed with air in a large quantity then it is impossible to maintain the air-fuel ratio. This phenomena is known as vacuum or boost leak. If this occurs then the limp mode is the possible situation.
4 – Low Oil level
If Engine oil or transmission oil level is too low, oil pressure can not be built. In this condition, ECU and TCU monitor it and activates the limp mode.
5 – Engine Knock or Misfire
If Engine knocking or misfire is observed by ECU and it continues for a period of time, then there is a possibility for limp home mode activation.
6 – Overboost
Turbocharged vehicles have a boost controller which controls the wastegate operation means excess exhaust gases are controlled and set the gas flow around the turbocharger to maintain boost pressure. If boost pressure is too high observed than target boost pressure in the ECU for a certain period of time, it is not good for the engine
This condition happens because of the failure of the boost controller or wastegate solenoid. ECU immediately activates the Limp mode in such overboost condition to prevent further damage to the engine.